An Overview of the Appraisal Process
Purchasing a home
the most important
It doesn't matter if it's
a main residence,
an additional vacation home or
an investment, the purchase of real property is
a complex financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to see it through.
||To learn more about appraising, click here to see a short video or call us today to talk about your specific property.
The majority of the parties involved are quite familiar.
The most known entity in the exchange is the real estate agent.
Then, the bank provides the financial capital necessary to bankroll the transaction.
The title company sees to it that all details of the sale are completed and that a clear title passes from the seller to the buyer.
So who makes sure the value of the property is in line with the purchase price?
In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional California licensed appraiser from Jeff Bolton will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal begins
Our first responsibility at Jeff Bolton is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status.
We must see aspects of the property first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they truly are there and are in the shape a typical person would expect them to be.
The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is accurate and illustrating the layout of the property.
Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of real property:
paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Here, we gather information on local building costs, labor rates and other elements to figure out how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used predictor of value.
Paired Sales Analysis
Appraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they work.
They thoroughly understand the value of certain features to the homeowners of that area.
Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as
fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
For example, if the comparable property has a storm shelter and the subject does not, the appraiser may subtract the value of a storm shelter from the sales price of the comparable.
If the subject has an extra half-bathroom and the comparable does not, the appraiser might add a certain amount to the comparable property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for.
At Jeff Bolton, we are an authority in knowing the worth of particular items in Sacramento and Sacramento County neighborhoods.
This approach to value is commonly given the most weight when an appraisal is for a home purchase.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third way of valuing a property is sometimes used when a neighborhood has a measurable number of renter occupied properties.
In this case, the amount of revenue the property yields is taken into consideration along with income produced by nearby properties to determine the current value.
The Bottom Line
Combining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property at hand.
Note: While the appraised value is probably the most reliable indication of what a property is worth, it probably will not be the final sales price.
There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust an offer or listing price up or down.
But the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could recover in the event they had to sell the property again.
The bottom line is: An appraiser from Jeff Bolton will guarantee you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.
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